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forex magnates hong kong 2022 gdp

According to the World Bank estimate, the region's fiscal balance will improve to percent of GDP from a percent deficit in Hong Kong has a free market economy, highly dependent on international trade and finance including the sizable share of reexports, is about four times GDP. Jennifer joined Breakingviews after three years as Reuters' Asia Finance and Markets Editor. Prior to that, Jenn spent 18 years at the Financial. ETHEREAL MILDRED EVERWING

Somehow, there was still a short-lived, patchy, and erratic recovery from to as the political situation stabilized a bit. With this, the peso became more competitive, confidence of investors was gradually regained, positive movements in terms of trade were realized, and regional growth gradually strengthened. Ramos administration — Main article: Presidency of Fidel Ramos The Ramos administration basically served its role as the carrier of the momentum of reform and as an important vehicle in "hastening the pace of liberalization and openness in the country".

It was during the term of the administration when the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas was established, and the Philippines joined the World Trade Organization and other free trade associations such as the APEC. Also, debt reduction was considered and as such, the issuance of certain government bonds called Brady Bonds also came to fruition in Key negotiations with conflicting forces in Mindanao actually became more successful during the administration, with Jose Almonte as one of the key adviser of the administration.

By the time Ramos succeeded Corazon Aquino in , the Philippine economy was already burdened with a heavy budget deficit. This was largely the result of austerity measures imposed by a standard credit arrangement with the International Monetary Fund and the destruction caused by natural disasters such as the eruption of Mt.

Hence, according to Canlas, pump priming through government spending was immediately ruled out due to the deficit. Ramos therefore resorted to institutional changes through structural policy reforms, of which included privatization and deregulation. He sanctioned the formation of the Legislative-Executive Development Advisory Council LEDAC , which served as a forum for consensus building, on the part of the Executive and the Legislative branches, on important bills on economic policy reform measures 4.

The daily brownouts that plagued the economy were also addressed through the enactment of policies that placed guaranteed rates. The economy during the first year of Ramos administration suffered from severe power shortage, with frequent brownouts, each lasting from 8 to 12 hours. Twenty power plants were built because of these, and in effect, the administration was able to eliminate the power shortage problems in December and sustained economic growth for some time.

However, the Asian Crisis contagion that started from Thailand and Korea started affecting the Philippines. This prompted the Philippine economy to plunge into continuous devaluation and very risky ventures, resulting in property busts and a negative growth rate. The remarkable feat of the administration, however, was that it was able to withstand the contagion effect of the Asian Crisis better than anybody else in the neighboring countries.

Most important in the administration was that it made clear the important tenets of reform, which included economic liberalization, stronger institutional foundations for development, redistribution, and political reform. The liberalization and opening of the capital opening culminated in full-peso convertibility in Estrada administration — Main article: Presidency of Joseph Estrada Although Estrada's administration had to endure the continued shocks of the Asian Crisis contagion, the administration was also characterized by the administration's economic mismanagement and "midnight cabinets.

And instead of adjustments happening, further deterioration of the economy occurred. Targeted revenues were not reached, implementation of policies became very slow, and fiscal adjustments were not efficiently conceptualized and implemented. All those disasters caused by numerous mistakes were made worse by the sudden entrance of the Jueteng controversy, which gave rise to the succeeding EDSA Revolutions. Despite all these controversies, the administration still had some meaningful and profound policies to applaud.

The administration presents a reprise of the population policy, which involved the assisting of married couples to achieve their fertility goals, reduce unwanted fertility and match their unmet need for contraception.

The administration also pushed for budget appropriations for family planning and contraceptives, an effort that was eventually stopped due to the fact that the church condemned it. Competition for minerals will also intensify.

Massive state subsidies in the U. Meanwhile, geopolitics continues to matter in an era of ideological competition, and Chinese companies hoping to expand their influence will face stiff opposition from unexpected parts of the globe. Although it was Beijing that chose to bolster domestic legitimacy at the expense of a compromised international image, it will be Chinese companies that pay the price.

But her case is far from an isolated incident. WhereIsPengShuai Since the MeToo movement took on wide momentum in China in , a growing number of prominent Chinese men in different walks of life have been forced out of power as more women found the confidence to speak their truth about sexual assault and abuse. But not only was Peng scrubbed from the internet; she went missing in real life, too.

And while Peng reappeared in videos released by Chinese state media, a cohort of sports organizations and politicians continued to voice their concerns about her whereabouts and ability to speak freely, as well as demand a full investigation of her claims and assurance of her safety.

Her treatment is also an object lesson in the danger faced by Chinese women when they dare to challenge the authorities — even those who once enjoyed fame and adoration from the government. Following her claims, a handful of women came forward to detail a pattern of predatory behavior, alleging, among other things, that Wu lured aspiring models and actresses, some underage, into inappropriate sexual relationships with promises of jobs and other opportunities, which rarely materialized.

However, his attempts at damage control did little to soften the criticism as the Chinese internet swiftly and overwhelmingly sided with his accusers. The enormous outcry — marked by hashtags expressing support and solidarity, such as WithDuMeizhu and GirlsHelpGirls — also prompted more than a dozen companies, including several major global brands, to cut ties with Wu, marking a significant blow to his professional career. Feminists and activists attributed his downfall to the shifting public opinion in China around sexual misconduct, saying that the arrest might suggest a radical change in the way Chinese authorities handle MeToo allegations.

But their optimism was short-lived. By framing the news as a story of a public figure misbehaving and failing to be a role model for their followers, these articles deliberately ignored the MeToo nature of the claims against Wu and even put the blame on his fans for not keeping his influence in check. Later in a statement, Zhou vowed to appeal the judgment, claiming that the court treated her case unfairly in many ways, including blocking her repeated efforts to retrieve video footage evidence, and refusing her requests to consider evidence from a psychologist.

The U. The EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment CAI , a deal seven years in the making, had been quickly signed and seemed set for ratification, much to the chagrin of the incoming Biden administration in the U. EU-China relations quickly froze over starting in March , when the EU placed sanctions on four individuals and one entity associated with human rights abuses in Xinjiang. China responded by effectively sabotaging the CAI, issuing countersanctions on European scholars, organizations, and even members of the European Parliament who would have had a direct say in ratifying the deal.

Europeans were incensed by what they viewed as an attack on free expression, and by May, the CAI was frozen. Gone are the days when the U. They may not have the ability to choke China and will eventually pay a heavy price for their foolishness and arrogance. Olympic boycotts, blacklists, and trade bans The U. Other countries, including Australia, Britain, and Canada , soon joined the U. Several far more significant actions followed, including the U.

The rise of China has fundamentally changed the consumer experience. As ordinary Chinese begin to eat, drink, and buy from homegrown brands, it is the West that may be enjoying the taste of China in the years to come. In the s, when China first opened to the world, there were hardly any Chinese companies in the consumer market. Today, young Chinese prefer the taste of Chicecream , an up-and-coming Chinese ice cream brand.

China is one of the largest consumer economies in the world, and a hungry middle class begets new consumer brands. In , one unexpected impact of the pandemic was the disruption of global supply chains, crunching multinational businesses but also breathing new life into Chinese companies serving Chinese customers.

All of this has been accelerated by major central government initiatives. In the coming years, all signs point to a boom in the Chinese consumer market. This has already started: was a great year for new Chinese consumer brands. Here are some standouts to look out for next year. Meanwhile, in high-end fashion, the Italian fashion houses such as Prada and Salvatore Ferragamo are facing stiff competition from up-and-coming Chinese fashionistas.

They include the online fashion platform ICY, an innovative startup integrating designers, influencers, and retail supply chains. Outside of China, Shein, a Chinese fast-fashion brand , has had a breakaway year and now rivals Zara as the largest online retailer in the world. Beverages The year has been a breakout year for dozens of Chinese food and beverage companies. Found in nearly all convenience stores and vending machines, Genki may be the closest competitor to foreign legacy brands such as Coca-Cola.

In the coffee category, Shanghai-based Manner Coffee is trying to offer a Chinese alternative to Starbucks: It has built over new stores in the first half of this year and is reportedly mulling an IPO in Hong Kong following a cash injection from ByteDance in June. One of the leading companies, Chongqing-based Jiangxiaobai, has made major inroads this year.

Perfect Diary , Herborist, and Proya have made big market share gains in cosmetics and skin care segments. In the fall of , the skin care brand Winona ranked No. Companies like Florasis bring new traditional Chinese elements into the beauty category, creating fashion products with delicately carved lipstick packaging. Chinese brands are already becoming a force for the world to reckon with. Consumers in cities like Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, and Wuhan are looking for higher-quality goods at reasonable prices.

They are also well connected to ecommerce channels and looking for innovative new brands both domestic and overseas. The pushback against labor exploitation has forced companies to implement changes and the government to clarify legal standards on working hours.

The plight of Chinese food-delivery workers first came to the forefront of public consciousness in September , when a long-form investigative article in Chinese magazine Portrait on the exploitative and dehumanizing working conditions of food couriers went viral on the Chinese internet. Disappointed at the slow pace of change, some Chinese food-delivery workers have gone from suffering in silence to strikes and protests this year.

Many of these demonstrations — including an incident in January, where a year-old delivery driver for Ele.

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The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate rose notably from 4. The unemployment rates of most major sectors increased, particularly those of the consumption- and tourism-related sectors, the arts, entertainment and recreation sector, and the construction sector. The underemployment rate also increased markedly from 1. The Hang Seng Index underwent a sharp correction between mid-February and mid-March amid concerns over the impending tightening of US monetary policy, situation in Ukraine, regulatory requirements in the Mainland and the austere local epidemic situation, but recouped most of the loss towards the end of the quarter.

The residential property market remained soft. Flat prices fell further amid subdued trading. Persisting tension in Ukraine will likely keep international energy and commodity prices elevated, aggravate supply chain and transportation disruptions, and dampen economic sentiments. In the face of mounting inflation, major central banks are expected to expedite their monetary policy tightening, further dampening global economic growth.

The evolving global pandemic and development of China-US relations will add further uncertainties. Nonetheless, cross-boundary transportation disruptions between the Mainland and Hong Kong may gradually ease alongside the improving local epidemic situation, thus providing some relief to our external trade.

In fact, consumer and business sentiments have shown visible improvement lately. It is thus essential for the community to keep working in unison with the Government to further stabilise the local epidemic situation. The Government will continue to closely monitor the situation. Prices of basic food picked up visibly amid epidemic-induced temporary supply disruptions. Prices of energy-related items as well as clothing and footwear also recorded notable increases.

Nonetheless, price pressures on other major components were broadly in check. Looking ahead, external price pressures may remain elevated as inflation in many major economies stays high amid heightened geopolitical tensions and supply chain bottlenecks. Nonetheless, overall inflation should remain moderate in the near term as domestic cost pressures stay largely mild. On a seasonally adjusted quarter-to-quarter comparison, real GDP decreased by 3.

The latest figures on GDP and its major expenditure components up to the first quarter of are presented in Table 1. Developments in different segments of the economy in the first quarter of are described below. External trade Total exports of goods fell by 4. In addition to the slower growth in external demand, disruptions to cross-boundary cargo flows between the Mainland and Hong Kong amid the fifth wave of local epidemic also constrained export performance in the latter part of the quarter.

An exceptionally high base of comparison contributed to the fall as well. Analysed by major market, exports to the Mainland turned to a sharp decline, while those to the US and the EU posted moderated growth. Growth in exports to other major markets in Asia also decelerated in general, though remaining robust in many cases.

On a seasonally adjusted quarter-to-quarter basis, total exports of goods fell by 6. Exports of transport services declined as cargo movements shrank and passenger flows remained scant. Exports of business and other services fell along with decelerated global economic growth, while exports of financial services declined amid moderated cross-border financial and fund-raising activities.

Meanwhile, exports of travel services stayed at a very low level as inbound tourism remained frozen. On a seasonally adjusted quarter-to-quarter basis, exports of services grew by 2. Domestic sector Domestic demand weakened markedly in the first quarter of Private consumption expenditure declined by 5. The austere epidemic situation and various social distancing measures led to a drastic fall in people flow and seriously disrupted consumption activities.

The deteriorating labour market further dampened consumption sentiment. On a seasonally adjusted quarter to quarter comparison, private consumption expenditure fell by 8. Meanwhile, government consumption expenditure rose by 6. Overall investment spending in terms of gross domestic fixed capital formation dropped by 8.

The purpose of our Forex trading signal is to produce consistent results with minimal risk and draw-downs. We do not trade all day but few hours in a day, so you will get signals in a fixed time every day. We have many members who completely follow all of our signals without hampering their day to day works. All the signals are sent directly to your smart phone. Exclusive Forex Course Forex as a career choice is not easy and we do not claim any rich schemes.

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The purpose of our Forex trading signal is to produce consistent results with minimal risk and draw-downs. We do not trade all day but few hours in a day, so you will get signals in a fixed time every day. We have many members who completely follow all of our signals without hampering their day to day works.

All the signals are sent directly to your smart phone. Exclusive Forex Course Forex as a career choice is not easy and we do not claim any rich schemes. What we believe is with proper training and constant practice one can master Forex Trading skills. Too little volatility is just as problematic for markets as too much, we uncertainty in excess can create panic and problems of liquidity.

This was evident during Black Swan events or other crisis that have historically roiled currency and equity markets. In finance, volatility refers to the amount of change in the rate of a financial instrument, such as commodities, currencies, stocks, over a given time period. Read this Term and encouraged more people to invest. Of note, the research highlights most dormant traders are open to reactivate, and better education on risk management can help brokers unlock those opportunities," Vignati commented.

Significantly, while the SFC does not allow local brokers to offer CFDs, there is no ban at present on using foreign brokers' services. This gateway enables potentially interested parties to provide their products and instruments to local traders. According to the data made available to Finance Magnates by cPattern , the average value of monthly deposits between and data available for the period from October to February amounted to over 13 thousand dollars.

Admittedly, the profile of a local investor does not only fit into the CFD market, which we discussed in other articles of this series , but in comparison with other highly developed countries, these values are very high. This may indicate the conservativeness of Hong Kong investors at the beginning of their trading adventure or new trading platform Trading Platform In the FX space, a currency trading platform is a software provided by brokers to their respective client base, garnering access as traders in the broader market.

Most commonly, this reflects an online interface or mobile app, complete with tools for order processing. Every broker needs one or more trading platforms to accommodate the needs of different clients. Brokers either use existing trading platforms and sometimes customize them, or develop their own platform from scratch. Advanced trading platforms such as MT4 or MT5 also allow access to a wide range of asset classes available for trading.

The development of trading platforms over the past decade has failed to successfully dethrone MT4 or MT5, notably in the retail market. However, in institutional markets, brokerage companies and banking entities also construct and utilize proprietary currency trading platforms to help satisfy internal needs with trades executed through institutional trading channels.

By far the most important parameter for many retail clients is the optionality and pairs available on trading platforms. Additionally, demand by traders has led to a greater emphasis on newer features such as advanced charting and other tools. In the FX space, a currency trading platform is a software provided by brokers to their respective client base, garnering access as traders in the broader market.

Read this Term , or it may be due to the limited time span of available data. Hong Kong might be a part of the People's Republic of China, but it operates as a 'special administrative region' with different rules and laws.

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